The ten provinces and three territories of Canada share no universal definition of an individualized education plan, despite similar interpretations.
An Individual Programming Plan (IPP) or Individual Educational Pan (IEP) is a personalized educational plan designed to meet the unique needs of a student with disabilities. The IPP is created by a team of professionals, which may include the student's parents, teachers, therapists, and other specialists, and it outlines specific goals and strategies to help the student achieve academic, social, and emotional success.
The IPP/IEP is tailored to the individual needs of the student and may include accommodations, modifications, and specific instructional strategies that support the student's learning and development. It is reviewed and updated regularly to ensure that it continues to meet the student's needs as they progress through their education.
The IPP/IEP is a document that outlines the student's educational rights and identifies the services and supports that will be provided to help the student achieve their goals.
Students could have an individualized program plan in one or more subject areas; they could have an IPP/IEP "across the board" — an entire individualized plan. Before students are placed on an IPP/IEP, they are tested by a school or private psychologist who administers and interprets a psycho-educational assessment.